Bhutan is a small kingdom with a population of approximately 700,000 in the Himalayan mountains at the east end.The Capital, Thimphu, is 2,400 meters above sea level, and all the towns and villages in Bhutan are in highlands.People are pious Tibet Buddhists, and the everyday prayer is indispensable.
Beautiful buildings called Dzong and Lhakhang (Buddhist temple) which merged monastery with administrative office are spread out all over the country.Due to the country’s closed-door policy until 1970’s, people still live in the traditional houses build by rammed-earth wall, which is made with local soil, and timber construction. It is superior architecture which adopted light and wind skilfully.The beautiful country and happy life of people are described as a modern miracle or a modern Shangri-La, which gather many tourists recently from Europe, Japan and other countries.
The policy of the country emphasizes GNH(Gross National Happiness), which pursues the happiness of the nation, rather than GNP(Gross National Product), which is an indicator of manufacturing. The policy draws attention from the developed countries which are facing the limitations and the problems of materialistic civilization. Hydraulic power generation using the abundant water from the Himalayas is a main industry. By a method of using pipe through underground, the system is completed with no dam construction, which attained their main policy about the preservation of natural environments by forbidding deforestation.
The agriculture was prosperous. Once Japanese Nishioka took time for Bhutan and conveyed agricultural methods. He still earns great respect from the Bhutanese nation.Bhutan becomes No.1 in the questionnaire of the Japanese travel agency, " Country where you want to go most now".